Variant 1: Evaluation for chronic elbow pain. First test.
Variant 2: Mechanical symptoms (locking, clicking, limited motion); suspect intra-articular osteocartilaginous body or synovial abnormality; radiographs nondiagnostic.
Variant 3: Suspect occult fracture or other bone abnormality; radiographs nondiagnostic.
Variant 4: Assess stability of osteochondral injury; radiographs nondiagnostic.
Variant 5: Palpable soft-tissue mass; radiographs nondiagnostic.
Variant 6: Suspect chronic epicondylitis, refractory to empirical treatment; radiographs nondiagnostic.
Variant 7: Suspect collateral ligament tear; radiographs nondiagnostic.
Variant 8: Suspect biceps tendon tear; radiographs nondiagnostic.
Variant 9: Suspect nerve abnormality; radiographs nondiagnostic.
Variant 10: Elbow stiffness; suspect heterotopic ossification/osteophytosis by radiography. Next test.
Variant 11: Suspect inflammatory arthritis or bursitis; radiographs obtained.
Appendix Key

A more complete discussion of the items presented below can be found by accessing the supporting documents at the designated hyperlinks.

Appropriateness Category:The panel’s recommendation for a procedure based on the assessment of the risks and benefits of performing the procedure for the specified clinical scenario.

SOE: Strength of Evidence. The assessment of the amount and quality of evidence found in the peer reviewed medical literature for an appropriateness recommendation.

  • References: The citation number and PMID for the reference(s) associated with the recommendation.
  • Study Quality: The assessment of the quality of an individual reference based on the number of study quality elements described in the reference.

RRL: Relative Radiation Level. A population based assessment of the amount of radiation a typical patient may be exposed to during the specified procedure.

Rating: The final rating (1-9 scale) for the procedure as determined by the panel during rating rounds.

Median: The median rating (1-9 scale) for the procedure as determined by the panel during rating rounds.

Final tabulations: A histogram showing the number of panel members who rated the procedure as noted in the column heading (ie, 1, 2, 3, etc.).

Additional supporting documents about the AC methodology and processes can be found at